Passover, (In Hebrew-Pesach) And The Meaning It Brings to Christianity

Passover, (In Hebrew-Pesach) And The Meaning It Brings to Christianity

The story of the original Passover is found in the book of Exodus chapters 11 and 12. The people of faith were at that time being held in bondage by Pharaoh, (The then king of Egypt) and Yehovah, through the ministry of His servants Moses and Aaron had been showing His power, and the proof of His person with great wonders and signs in that land. However, the king of Egypt had refused to allow the people to leave, therefore, Yehovah instructed Moses to tell Pharaoh that there would be one last plague, and after it, Pharaoh would allow the people to leave. The plague was to happen throughout the land of Egypt, it was to be the death of every first born male (Of both man and beast) who did not abide in a dwelling whose owner had followed Yehovah’s “Passover” instructions by applying the blood of a lamb to the header and side posts of its doorway. The whole Passover event completely prefigured Yeshua, the Messiah, who would in His time, many generations later come into the world as the LAMB OF GOD, and who would surrender Himself to become the substitutionary payment for the sins of every man.

Various Elements Of The First Passover and Their Spiritual Fulfillment In Messiah, and His Church

  • (Exodus 11:1) And the Lord (Yehovah) said unto Moses, Yet, will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether. Pharaoh is a type of the prince of darkness, IE, Satan. The Hebrews being held in Egypt are a picture of how un-regenerated men are held in the bondage of sin until they, by the operation of faith experience Yeshua’s salvation. The fact that Pharaoh let the people go, and in fact cast them out of Egypt is the picture of the reality that Satan cannot in any sense hold unto us who embrace the Messiah by faith. When we belong to Yeshua, he (Satan) has no power over us unless we choose to turn back to him.

  • (Exodus 11:2-3) Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow of his neighbor, and every woman of her neighbor, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold. And the Lord (Yehovah) gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. The elements of this incident can be used to picture the reality that Yehovah would have the riches of Angel this present world to be possessed by His people, but not so that we can live in luxury and fame, but rather so that we will use these treasures to honor Yeshua, and work with Him to build His Church. Even as the ancient Hebrews dedicated a fair portion of their acquired wealth to build the Tabernacle In The Wilderness, (Exodus 35:5-22) we as Believers are to use our talents, time, and wealth, to be workers together with Yeshua as He builds His Church.

  • (Exodus 11:4-5) And Moses said, Thus saith the Lord, (Yehovah) About mid-night will I go out into the midst of Egypt: And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the first born of the beasts. Moses, the man of God is a picture of Messiah who ever spoke (And still speaks) and did (And still does) the will of His father. The angel of death passing through the midst of the land about the midnight hour pictures the reality that the True Passover Lamb was slain, and His blood began to be applied to the hearts of men about the middle of men’s allotted time on this present earth. Remember, this present earth as only been allotted a total of 7,000 years, then it will be destroyed and replaced by a new heaven and earth. (2 Peter 3:10) Messiah’s life and ministry came approximately the mid-night hour of the total time allotted this present earth. The death of every first born male of both man and beast in Egypt at the hand of the angel remains a picture of all who do not abide under the blood of the LAMB, the unbelieving of every generation who refuse to open their hearts to receive the love of the truth, and thus enter into the gospel and obedience to the commandments of God our savior.

  • (Exodus 11:6) And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. This statement pictures the reality that after the final judgment of the ungodly there will be great mourning, crying, and gnashing of teeth. (Romans 2:6-11, Luke 13:26-29)

  • (Exodus 11:7) But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may know how that the Lord (Yehovah) doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel. This statement pictures the reality that the household of faith, which was at that time in ancient Egypt, was absolutely and complete preserved in its generation. The fact that not even a dog could bark against them illustrates the picture that NO accusation of an un-believing man or devil will ever be held against any who abide under the blood of the LAMB. (Isaiah 54:17) Further, in like manner all who presently abide in the household of faith, and therefore abide under the blood of The LAMB will be completely preserved until the day of Messiah. (Body, soul, and spirit 1 Thes. 5:23) However, it must be recognized that the ancient Hebrews, being in their generation the household of faith, did suffer under certain of the first judgments that came upon Egypt. These judgments served as the refining fire of the Almighty, and were designed to “get Egypt out of them”, and were not at that point His wrath being poured out. Yehovah’s wrath is reserved against those who will not turn from their sin and place their faith upon His Son from heaven. (Jo. 3:38, Eph. 5:6, Col. 3:5-6, 1 Th. 5:9)

  • (Exodus 11:8) And all of these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me….. Moses serves as a picture of the ultimate deliverer, Messiah. This verse in Exodus serves as a picture that all un-godly men shall bow their knee and give honor to the Messiah, (Philippians 2:10-11) and what’s more, they shall also bow in the presence of the people of faith, (Revelations 3:9) admitting that the people of faith were in their time wise to have followed the way of truth.

  • (Exodus 11:9-10) And the Lord (Yehovah) said unto Moses, Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you; that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt. And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before the Pharaoh: and the Lord (Yehovah) hardened Pharaoh’s heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land. The picture contained in these two verses is that Yehovah has in the past, and will continue in these last days to allow Satan in the hardness of his heart to put forth every effort to enslave and destroy the household of faith……but this action on Satan’s part has in the past, (Particularly the beginning of the Church age) and will even more in the very last of the Church age, allow for exceeding signs and wonders to be done by the servants of Yehovah, thus testifying of the Lordship of Messiah, and the eventual full deliverance of all who hold to the faith of Yeshua.

  • (Exodus 12:2) This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. This statement prefigures more than one reality: Firstly, that every soul of man who by faith has put himself and his household under the blood of Messiah has come to abide in the Messiah, and thus as begun a whole new life……All who do this will become a completely new creature in Yeshua, People (2 Co. 5:17) and, by all rights ought to count the days of their life from that point onward. Every soul of man who has come to the Salvation of Yeshua ought to be able to point back to that day where he came to the light and made the decision to publicly confess Yeshua as Lord and Savior. Secondly: Another reality exists, that Yehovah has determined that the household of faith keep an entirely different calendar than the un-believing world. He has determined that the first of the year is to be in the month of Abib. (Ex. 13:4, Deut. 16:1) This calendar must be kept in order that the Festivals of Yehovah be celebrated in their proper times. This calendar is 100% Yehovah centered. Creator’s Calendar

  • Exodus chapter 12 spells out particular directions concerning how the first Passover was to be kept. Each of these directions offer insight into the life and ministry of the LAMB OF GOD (Yeshua) who was latter to come into the world and perform His ministry among men.

  • (Ex. 12:3-6) The Passover Lamb that was slain is a picture of the Messiah Himself (John 1:29, John 1:36)
  • (Ex. 12:3) The Passover lamb was to be selected on the tenth day of the first month, the month of Abib. Yeshua entered Jerusalem on the tenth day of the month of Abib (Mat. 21: 1-11)

  • (Ex. 12:5) The Passover lamb was to be without blemish. Yeshua was found to be without sin, without blemish. (2 Co. 5:21)

  • (Ex. 12:5) It was to be a male of the first year. Yeshua was male. (Luke 1:26-35)

  • (Ex. 12:6) It was to be kept in observation until the fourteenth day of the month of Abib, and if it proved to be without fault, it was to be killed in the evening. Yeshua was questioned and examined continually by the religious leaders in the temple prior to His betrayal and crucifixion, but no sin was found in Him, and He died in the latter afternoon, as was proven in that they hurried to take His body from the cross before the setting of the sun. (Mat. 21:23-46 Luke 20:1-46)

  • (Ex. 12:7 & 12-13) The blood of the Passover Lamb was to be put on the side posts and header of the door of each of their dwelling places. The blood of the LAMB that was sent from heaven, must be, by every individual applied by faith in order for it to cover the sin of that person. (Eph. 2:8-9, Ro. 1:17, Ro. 5:1, Ro. 8:13, Gal. 2:20)

  • (Ex. 12:9) The Passover Lamb was not to be eaten raw or boiled in water, but to be roasted with fire. Yeshua is to be “eaten”, He must, in every sense be consumed by those that are being saved in order for Him to benefit them fully. It must be understood that He went through the fire of every temptation, and yet was without sin. The Yeshua of the Bible possesses the utmost of tender hearts, yet let it be known that He was never, and is not now some mambie-pambie –soft-marshmallow type, as some would paint Him to be. During His time on earth He was in every sense tired in the fire, and if He is to do any soul good, it must be understood that He is to be received as that kind of person, and that we as His disciple must be willing to go through the fire. (Phil. 2:7-8, Heb. 12:2-3)

  • (Ex. 12:8) The lamb was to be eaten in the night. This signifies that the Believer partakes (eats from) of the life and salvation of Yeshua while experiencing the darkness of this present life. The fullness of the light of God will not be revealed in us until such time as we pass from this mortal life. (1 Co. 2:9-12)

  • (Ex. 12:8) The Passover Lamb was to be eaten with bitter herbs. This signifies that the life of the Believer will be filled with many bitter experiences, they are to be received as the chastening of the Lord, and thus, are to be consumed, “eaten”, having been accepted by faith and thanksgiving. (Luke 14: 26-35, 2 Tim. 2:10-13)

  • (Ex. 12:10) No portion of the Passover lamb was to be left until morning, and if so, it was to be burned up by fire. We, who are being saved cannot pick and choose of what aspects of Messiah we want, and do not want……we must consume all of Him. (John 6:47-58)

  • (Ex. 12:11) The people of faith were to eat that first Passover meal fully dressed, with their staff in hand. This signified that they were ready to travel. We who are the people of faith must partake of Messiah as people who are pilgrims and strangers in the earth……. we must live with the reality ever before us that this world, and this present life are only temporary, and that our lasting home and reward is beyond this present life. (Heb. 11:13, 1 Pe. 2:11)

  • (Ex. 12:12) Yehovah promised to pass through the land to smite the first born of all of Egypt and execute judgment on all the gods of Egypt. Believing men and women must live with the knowledge that the judgment of the un-godly is coming, as well as the judgment due every demon. (Rev. 20:10-15)
  • (Ex. 12:13) The blood was to be a token upon their houses that Yehovah would see, and thus pass over them, and not plague them as He did the unbelievers. Only the blood of the LAMB that was in Yehovah’s mind prepared before the very formation of the world can serve to cause the just judgment of Yehovah to pass over us, and allow us to be acquitted from the just condemnation that is due us because of our sins. (Rev. 1:5, Rev. 12:11)

  • (Ex. 12:14) The Passover was commanded to be observed as a perpetual memorial…and it was to be kept as a “chag”. Chag is a Hebrew word which is translated in the King James Bible into the word feast---(Strongs exhaustive concordance word number 2282)—however, the modern English word ‘festival’ much more accurately transfers the intended meaning. Also, Leviticus 23:2 teaches us that all the Festivals of Yehovah were both then, and now to be celebrated as Mik-raw (The English pronunciation)-- Which the creators of the King James Bible translated into the English words “Holy Convocation”…….However, the Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance (Number 4744) defines Mik-raw as a public meeting used as a rehearsal. Thus, the Passover Festival (As well as all the Festivals of Yehovah) is to be a public rehearsal, and to be observed perpetually by the community of faith, celebrating all the truths contained in the Passover (Lev. 23:1-3, Col. 2:16-17)

  • (Ex. 12:27) The Passover night also became the Night of Deliverance. This not only foreshadows our deliverance from sin, but the final and great deliverance of the household of faith from the heel of the Man of Sin, the anti-Messiah-- who will appear on the scene in these last days. Like the children of Israel were delivered in the night, it will happen that the children of faith, at the time of the anti-Messiah will experience their deliverance not at a time of ease and comfort, but at a time of exceeding darkness and difficulty. (Daniel 7:21-28, Rev. 13:7-10)

  • (Ex. 12:18-20) Similar to the Festival of Unleavened Bread no servant or stranger was to eat of the Passover, but only those who had been brought into the community of faith as verified by the act of circumcision. This pictures those who have by faith put on Messiah, and have put off the old man of carnality and self-centered living, who have become circumcised in their hearts. Only this type of person’s celebration of the Passover will be recognized by Yehovah. (Ro. 2:28-29, Col. 3:9-10)

  • (Ex. 12:3& Ex, 12:18-20) All the congregation of Israel was to keep the Passover. This signifies that every Believer, and every assembly of Believers is to in unison celebrate this festival, and the great volume of truths within it. This will, at the consummation of this age become a reality when there will truly be a unity of faith among all who call upon the name of Yeshua for salvation. (Eph. 4:11-14)

  • (Ex. 12:19) There was to be one law that pertained to both the home born person and the stranger that decided to become circumcised and align himself with the household of faith. This signifies that although our faith was at first a very nearly completely Jewish faith, it has been opened to all who will believe and obey—BUT let the gentile understand that he believes that Yehovah does not have different standards (laws) for each different person or group. He has one law, and it is for all people who will come into the household of faith. (Ro. 1:16, Ro. 2:11-15, Ro. 3:29-31)

  • (Ex. 12:50) The children of Israel in the generation of their exodus from Egypt obeyed in all points as Yehovah had commanded them through Moses. Table This pictures that in these last days the household of faith will again learn to in every point walk out their faith as set by the example of the captain of their faith, the Messiah. He, in every word and deed did according to the Law of Moses. He did not make it void, but rather fleshed it out. (Mat. 5:17-19, 1 John 2: 3-6)

It is my determination that the Day of Passover should be celebrated yearly by every Believer by means of the remembrance, and communication of all of the elements of understanding that comprises the festival, and that have their fulfillment in our Messiah, Yeshua, who is the savior of the world. (My suggestion: For instruction that pertains to the Passover meal itself please consult with Michael Rood of He possesses a fabulous ministry in respect to the teaching the Festivals of Yehovah)

Since the destruction of the Temple, it is no longer possible to keep Passover – but that does not stop us from joyfully rehearsing the prophetic realities embedded in Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread. Each year, the Messiah is again typified in the substitutionary offering of “the Lamb of God” – and each year we engage in the dress rehearsal for the most glorious of all upcoming celestial events: The Marriage Supper of the Lamb. (Rev. 19: 6-7)

Passover is a yearly opportunity to inspect our own wedding garments and prepare our hearts in anticipation of the last trumpet. One glorious day, in the not-so-distant future, Yeshua will lift a cup of wine for the first time in nearly 2,000 years, and he will commence the pinnacle of all dining experiences with a toast to the Most High Majesty of the Universe. Messiah assured us that this magnificent event will not be compromised by those who have not prepared their garments in advance.


The Apostle Paul asserted that the Torah was our schoolmaster (Gal. 3:24) to lead us to Messiah. Yet, if we ignore the schoolmaster’s detailed instructions concerning Passover and its meticulous shadow pictures of good things of yesteryear, of present time, and time and events yet to come, we will never comprehend why Israel was commanded to celebrate the Festivals of Yehovah forever – nor will we ever appreciate the ramifications of Yeshua’s fulfillment of Passover, or the eternal legality of our redemption.

An American Watchman,
Gregory A DeHart

Duality Of Scripture   Sabbath   Passover   Pesach   Day of First Fruits   Festival of Unleavened Bread   Pentecost   Shavuot   Day of Trumpets   Yom Teruah   Day of Atonement   Yom Kippur   Festival of Tabernacles   Sukkah   Festival of Dedication   Hanukkah   Festival of Light   Festival of Purim   Festivals of Yehovah   Salvation